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While it is commonly thought that evening/morning represents a “day,” Collins says “Logically, this is nonsense [since] a day must describe 24 hours or at least a period of daylight.” He further states “and there was evening, and there was morning” brackets the night and marks the end points of each workday of God.14Furthermore, the seventh day lacks the concluding refrain, “and there was evening and there was morning,” suggesting a non-ending day.
The ongoing nature of the seventh day is implied in Hebrews 4:1-11, which describes God’s Sabbath rest: “Therefore, while the promise of entering his rest still stands…” (Hebrews 4:1).
After God created the heavens and the earth, He then created life over six successive “days,” which in the original Hebrew may be literally interpreted as long epochs of time. Norman Geisler states, “Numbered days need not be solar.
Old Earth Believers Old-Earth Creationism (AKA “day-age” or “progressive” creationism) is distinct from other types of creationism, namely Gap theory, Framework Hypothesis, and Theistic Evolution. Neither is there a rule of Hebrew language demanding that all numbered days in a series refer to twenty-four hour days.
Old-earth creationists adamantly reject the Darwinian concept of common descent—the hypothesis that all plant, animal, and human life ultimately evolved from primitive single-celled organisms through unguided mutations and naturalistic processes.* God miraculously created Adam and Eve, humanity’s historical parents, who were new distinct creatures from whom humanity’s sin originated.* Earth’s geologic features formed over long ages through both gradual and catastrophic processes.* Genesis 1 is a literal account of God’s creation. 8Hebrew linguist Gleason Archer writes, “On the basis of internal evidence, it is this writer’s conviction that yôm in Genesis could nothour day.”9 Dr.
Rich Deem One of the most fundamental doctrines held dear by Christians is God’s creation of the world and all living creatures. 1851-1921).1* 20th century Theologians: Gleason Archer and R. John Collins (Chairman, Old Testament Committee, The ESV Bible; Ph. Packer, Nancy Pearcey, Vern Poythress, Earl Radmacher (President Emeritus, Western Seminary), Lee Strobel (author of The Case for Christ, The Case for a Creator), and Dallas Willard.3So what exactly do old-earth creationists believe?
Yet among evangelicals, an ongoing controversy exists regarding the age of the earth and when God created the universe and life. “old-earth” debate is one of the most polarizing and divisive issues within the Christian community. Laird Harris (co-authors, Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament), James Montgomery Boice (Chairman of the International Council on Biblical Inerrancy), Francis Schaeffer (founder of L’Abri Fellowship), R. D., Hebrew linguistics), Chuck Colson, Paul Copan, William Lane Craig, Norman Geisler (author of numerous books, including Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics), Wayne Grudem (General editor, The ESV Study Bible; author, Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine), Hank Hannegraff (Bible Answer Man), Jack Hayford, Walter Kaiser (President Emeritus, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary), Phillip E. Below are the fundamental beliefs of old-earth (“day-age”) creationism.
Archer and Geisler also point out that no definite article (“the”) appears with yôm on days one through five in Genesis one.
Archer says the absence of “the” implies a more vague meaning than 24 hours—an indefinite but literal sense of time or age.